FASHION IN MUGHAL ERA
The women and men of the Mughal Empire wore beautiful and expensive clothes made from the finest materials and decorated themselves with jewelry from head to toe. The garments of Mughal ladies were made of the finest muslins, silks, velvets and brocades. The muslins used for their clothes were of three types: Ab-e-Rawan (running water), Baft Hawa (woven air) and Shabnam (evening dew). Muslins called Shabnam were brought from Dacca and were famous as Dhaka malmal. Mughal empire’s women and men were also known about fashion. They were used heavy jewelry on the daily bases. Their dresses were these:
Mughal Women’s Clothing:
Mughal Men’s Clothing:
The Yaktahi Jama originated in Persia and Central Asia, where it was worn both short and long, over a pai-jama to form an outfit known as the “Bast Agag”.
This is a very ancient garment which you have seen all throughout the Persian, Mongolian and other areas.
Around the waist of the Jama, a long piece of fine fabric was tied like a sash. This was the Patka, from which a jeweled sword could be suspended
Pagri or Turban:
The most important accessory for Mughal Empire was his turban, which proclaimed their status, religion, caste and region of origin. To present a turban to anybody was a sign of total suppression and the removal of a turban was the most humiliating punishment that could be inflicted on any man.
Dhoti and Paijama:
Mughal men were worn dhoti and paijama. Theirs women were also worn paijama.
Ornaments are worn not only for the purpose of attracting the attention of others around but also as a characteristic mark of status, rank and dignity. Indian women, too, have shown a great liking for jewelry since times immemorial. The Mughal ladies laded themselves with a large variety of ornaments. Different types of head ornaments, ear ornaments, nose ornaments, necklaces, hand ornaments, waist belts and ankle/foot ornaments were used in the Mughal Empire.
Ornamented shoes with turned up toes were Persian in style, and were worn by men and women. Some other footwear was:
• The Kafsh
• The Charhvan
• The Salim Shahi
• The Khurd Nau